Researchers from the University of Kansas analysed the Neanderthal teeth.
Professor David Frayer, who led the study, said: 'As a package, this fits together as a dental problem that the Neanderthal was having and was trying to presumably treat itself, with the toothpick grooves, the breaks and also with the scratches on the premolar.
'It was an interesting connection or collection of phenomena that fit together in a way that we would expect a modern human to do.
'Everybody has had dental pain, and they know what it's like to have a problem with an impacted tooth.'
The researchers analysed four mandibular teeth from the left side of a Neanderthal's mouth.
The teeth were found at the Krapina site in Croatia over 100 years ago, but in recent years, researchers have re-examined many items collected from the site.
Using a microscope, the researchers noted several damages on the teeth, including occlusal wear, toothpick groove formation and dentin scratches.
The mandible (lower jaw) has not been found, so it is unclear whether the Neanderthal suffered from any tooth disease.
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Article compliments of the Daily Mail